Age related macular degeneration, commonly referred to as AMD, is an eye disease associated with aging that gradually diminishes sharp, central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for routine daily tasks such as reading and driving. AMD affects the macula, the part of your eye that allows you to see fine detail.
In some cases, AMD advances so slowly that many people notice little change in their vision. In others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to vision loss in both eyes. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 50 years of age and older
AMD occurs in two forms: wet and dry.
Wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina begin to grow under the macula. These new blood vessels tend to be fragile and often leak blood and fluid. The blood and fluid raise the macula from its normal position at the back of the eye. Damage to the macula can occur and loss of your central vision can happen rapidly. Early symptoms include straight lines that appear wavy. If you have noticed this condition or other changes in your vision, contact us at Great Lakes Eye Institute to schedule a comprehensive dilated eye exam
Dry AMD 90% of AMD patients have early or dry AMD. Symptoms occur when the light-sensitive cells in the macula slowly break down, gradually blurring your vision. As dry AMD worsens, you may see a blurred spot in the center of your vision. You may have difficulty recognizing faces, color, or you may need more light for reading and other routine tasks. A common sign of dry AMD is called drusen. Drusen are yellow deposits under the retina. They are often found in people over the age of 60. Your Great Lakes Eye Institute specialist can detect drusen during a comprehensive dilated eye exam.